Penarth RNLI volunteers took part in some lifesaving training recently.

Volunteers carried out exercises in the throw-bag technique, a vital tool in water rescues.

The throw-bag consists of a bag containing a rescue line, and can be used to save those in trouble near the shoreline, without the need for the rescuer to enter the water.

The RNLI advises against entering the water to carry out a rescue, due to the risk of the rescuer themselves becoming a casualty.

Instead, the RNLI recommends, the Float to Live approach while deploying the throw-bag for lifesaving efforts.

This avoids any unnecessary risks while giving the best chance of successful rescue.

Panicking in cold water can lead to cold water shock, causing potential cardiac issues and inhaling of water.

Annie Blackburn, one of the RNLI trainees, noted the importance of calling for assistance.

She said: "Although we are training with a throw-bag, more importantly, dialing 999 and asking for the Coastguard is fundamental to lifesaving - meaning you get help and expertise on the way as quickly as possible whilst you continue deploying the throw-bag to save someone."

Jason Dunlop, Penarth RNLI lifeboat operations manager, taught volunteers not just the practical skills, but also the critical thinking needed during a rescue.

He said: "At first, the training objective might seem a little obvious however, the RNLI places people in the reality of the moment by taking them step by step through a probable event timeline highlighting the action which will enable the optimum outcomes.

"Understanding the importance of being in command, assertive, and heard are skills that are highly important too."

Trainees walked away from the day feeling confident.

John Smerkinich said: "Calling 999 for help and following the Float to Live guidance is paramount, to then allow time to look for lifesaving tools or something to assist with the rescue."

His colleague Charlie Harris added: "I think we will all need some more practice with our bag throwing technique to be confident - but the learning and role play have been invaluable."

Find out more about cold water incident management and Float to Live at the RNLI's website.